Electric vehicles are practically computers on wheels. New innovations such as active and passive safety systems, electric propulsion, and semi and fully autonomous vehicles have all contributed to an increase in the usage of electronics in automotive applications. More importantly, automotive designers must still adhere to the same size and packaging constraints to ensure vehicles’ size and weight does not increase. To resolve this dilemma, automotive designers often rely on components being tightly placed on both sides of the Printed Circuit Board (PCB) to ensure the most efficient use of board space.
Many companies work together to design electronic systems. During the qualification process, there is a lot of back and forth between the final users (mostly OEMs or manufacturers) and the suppliers. In the ideal world, the more information that is shared between both parties, the more likely they are to produce reliable and safe products. In reality, two companies can’t openly share all the design details due to intellectual property considerations. The circuit card designer does not want to share the board details with a prospective customer. Simultaneously, to protect new product ideas, the systems integrator may not want to share use environment details with the board designers. The need for both parties to protect their IP and stay competitive makes it hard to collaborate.