Conformal coating is applied to circuit cards to provide a dielectric layer on an electronic board. This layer functions as a membrane between the board and the environment. With this coating in place, the circuit card can withstand more moisture by increasing the surface resistance or surface insulation resistance (SIR). With a higher SIR board, the risk of problems such as cross talk, electrical leakage, intermittent signal losses, and shorting is reduced.
This reduction in moisture will also help to reduce metallic growth called dendrites and corrosion or oxidation. Conformal coating will also serve to shield a circuit card from dust, dirt and pollutants that can carry moisture and may be acidic or alkaline.